A year-old man presented with a 2-year history of a persistently red and swollen lower lip. He stated that the lip always felt moist and had areas of crusting. There was no history of bleeding or pain.
Cheilitis is inflammation of the lips. It is a general term, and there are many recognized types and different causes. Cheilitis can be either acute or chronic.
Dear Dr. Roach: For over two years, my wife has been having a problem with her lower lip. From morning on, it swells, irritating her and causing her to lick her lips constantly.
Spontaneous ie, nontraumatic lip swelling is usually painless. Itching may or may not be present. Cheilitis sometimes causes lip swelling, but patients typically present because of the painful inflammation and lesions. By itself, lip swelling is not dangerous.
Swollen Lips Symptom Checker. Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your swollen lips. Perhaps you had a bite of an allergy-triggering food or took a hit to the mouth at soccer practice, but now your lips are swelling.
Special Offers. Most people have experienced the sensation of a "fat lip," where it feels as though your lip is swollen and puffy, usually the result of direct contact. Although an ill-advised dodgeball game can definitely leave you with a fat lip, swollen lip causes are actually more complicated than just a trauma from a rubber ball.
Angioedema is the swelling of the lower layer of tissue just under the skin or mucous membranes, where fluid builds and vessels dilate. The swelling mostly affects the face, tongue, lips, throat, arms, and legs but may become serious and even life-threatening if it occurs in the throat, lungs, or gastrointestinal tract. Angioedema is often caused by an allergy but can also be triggered by a non-allergic drug reaction, an infection, cancer, genetics, and even stress. Treatment depends on the underlying cause but may include antihistamines, steroids, and the avoidance of the known triggers.
A swollen lip is common in clinical practice, but the differential diagnosis and management of the condition may be challenging. Lip swelling may be related to a local or systemic condition, and it can be the earliest manifestation of a systemic disease. The differential diagnosis can be simplified by grouping findings into broad categories: trauma, inflammation, infection, metabolic diseases, neoplasm and idiopathic conditions Box 1.
Several conditions can cause swollen lips. While some of these conditions can be serious or even life-threatening, others may resolve on their own. You should see your doctor any time that the swelling cannot be explained, does not improve after a few days, is accompanied by difficulty breathing, or if you suspect any of the life-threatening conditions covered below.